de-DEen-US

 

Here you can find information about the Present Perfect tense. If you are already fit, you can do the quizzes at once.

Collapse All Expand All

The Present Perfect shows an action in the past. It is used if the exact time of the action is not important (or known), but the result of it is in the focus.

Example: I have washed my car, so it is clean now. ==> It is not important WHEN I washed the car, but that it is clean now, because I have washed it.

This is the difference to the Simple Past form, as for the Simple Past for we (normally) want to know when it happened.

Quite often the Past Perfect shows that something has happened till now (this is why "Present" is in the tense name) never, once or some times. Example: "I have never been to New York." or "I have often been in New York."

 

+
-
?

I       have eaten an apple.
You  have eaten an apple.

He
She   has eaten an apple.
It

We
You   have eat an apple.
They

 

I      haven't eaten an apple.
You haven't eaten an apple.

He
She  hasn't eaten an apple.
It

We
You  haven't eaten an apple.
They


Have I eat an apple?
Have you eat an apple?

           he
Has    she eat an apple?
           it

          we
Have you eat an apple?
         they


    + have/has + Past Participle + rest.     + haven't/hasn't + Past Participle + rest. Have/has +   + Past Participle + rest.

Important:

Present Perfect often comes along with the signal words "already" and "yet".
Keep in mind: "Already" is only used in the affirmative (+) sentence and stands before the full verb.
                       Example:  "I have already eaten an apple." 

                       "Yet" (= till now) is used in the negative sentence and is positioned at the end of the senctence.
                       Example: "I haven't eaten an apple yet." 

                      We normally use "yet" in questions.
                      Example: "Have you already eaten you apple?"

Signal  words: already, ever, for, just, never, since, so far, up to now, yet