de-DEen-US

For events, that happen at the moment of talking, we use the Present Progressive. Are you fit with the stuff?
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The Present Progressive is used for all events, that happen at the moment.

I am walking. = I'm walking right at the moment.
She is phoning. = She is phoning right in this moment.

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I       am eating an apple.
You  are eating an apple.

He
She  is eating an apple.
It

We
You  are eating an apple.
They

 

I      am not eating an apple.
You aren't eating an apple.

He
She isn't eating an apple.
It

We
You aren't eating an apple.
They


Am    I       eating an apple?
Are    you   eating an apple?

           he
Is        she    eating an apple?
           it

          we
Are    you    eating an apple?
          they


General rule for the "-ing"-Form:
In general you just put an "-ing" behind the Infinitive.

Exceptions:

  1. If the infinitive ends on silent "e" (this means you can't hear it like in the word "to phone") you have to skip the "e" at the -ing-form too:
    to phone => phoning.
  2. If the infinitive ends on one quickly pronounced vowel (for example in run, swim, jog...) you have to double the consonant (gemination): run => running,     stop=> stopping,       jog=> jogging.
    If there are two vowels before the last consonant the general rule is unaffected (you have to use the general rule):
    feel=> feeling,      cool=> cooling

Typical signal words are: "at the moment", "(right) now" etc. Also and exclamation which should lead your attention to the events happening right now like "Listen!", "Look!".