de-DEen-US

You have to learn many tenses in the first years.
You need the past to talk about things that have happened or to write stories. 
The present tells about things that happen at the moment or often.You also tell about your feelings in the present.
The future is used for things that will happen later.
With the help of this set of tenses you can talk about everything you want.

We tell you about all the most important tenses here. Who to build the sentence, when to use it and execeptions.
All tenses have three different forms:

  1. The positive form of the sentence (for example: I go to school.). In our structure table we use a "+" for the positive form.
  2. The negative form of the sentence (for example: I don't go to school). In our structure table we use a "-" for the negative form.
  3. The question form of the sentence (for example: Do I go to school?). In our structure table we use a "?" for the question form. The negative question is a comination of the question form and the negative form, so we don't talk about it in detail.
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Simple Past


When is it used?

+
-
?

Signal words

If something happened in the past
and we know the time when it happened.

If we write stories.

I
You
He
She    learned  at home
It
We
You
They

I
You
He
She    didn't learn  at home
It
We
You
They

       I
       you
       he
Did she  learn at home?
       it
       we
       you
       they

yesterday, ago, last

Past Progressive

When do we use it?

+
-
?

Signal words

If something was going on in the past
while something else happened.

(While I was waiting,
the police arrived.)

I      was eating an apple.
You were eating an apple.

He
She  was eating an apple.
It

We
You  were eating an apple.
They

 

I      wasn't eating an apple.
You weren't eating an apple.

He
She wasn't eating an apple.
It

We
You weren't eating an apple.
They


Was   I eating an apple?
Were you eat an apple?

         he
Was  she eating an apple?
         it

         we
Were you eat an apple?
         they


while

 

Present Perfect

 

When do we use the tense?

+
-
?

Signal words

If someting has happened
in the past, but we don't
know when (or it is just
important that it has
happened and not when it
happened => I have washed
the car...it is CLEAN NOW.

The effect of washing is
important ... not when it was
washed)

I
You  have learned at home.

He
She  has learned at home.
It

We
You  have learned at home.
They

I
You  haven't learned at home.

He
She  hasn't learned at home.
It

We
You  haven't learned at home.
They

            I
Have  you   learned at home?

            he
Has      she   learned at home?
             it

             we
Have    you   learned at home?
             they

just, yet, never already, so far, since, for

Simple Present


When do we use it?

+
 -
                 ? Signal words
If something happens regularly
or never.

If we write summaries.

I         eat    an apple.
You    eat    an apple.

He
She   eats    an apple.
It

We
You   eat    an apple.
They

 

 I       don't   eat      an apple.
You   don't   eat    an apple.

He
She    doesn't eat    an apple.
It

We
You   don't eat       an apple.
They

 

Do    I       eat an apple?
Do    you  eat an apple?

           he
Does  she eat an apple?
            it

          we
Do     you  eat an apple?
          they


often, always, never,
usually, sometimes,
seldom, every day/Monday/...

Present Progressive

 

When do we use it?

+
-
?

Signal words

If something happens at
the moment

I      am eating   an apple.
You are eating   an apple.

He
She is eating an apple.
It

We
You are eating an apple.
They

 

I      am not eating an apple.
You aren't eating an apple.

He
She isn't eating an apple.
It

We
You aren't eating an apple.
They


Am I eating an apple?
Are you eat an apple?

    he
Is she eating an apple?
    it

       we
Are you eat an apple?
       they


at the moment, now, Look!, Listen,...

 

Will Future


When do we use it?

+
-
?

Signal words

spontanous decisions
of the future, fortune
telling, talking about
timetables

I
You
He
She    will eat an apple.
It
We
You
They

 

I
You
He
She    won't eat an apple.
It
We
You
They

 

          I
          you
          he
Will   she eat an apple?
          it
          we
          you
          they

no special ones.

Going-to Future

When do we use it?

+
-
?

Signal words

For planned events
in the future (long
planned holidays, etc.)

I      am going to eat an apple.
You are going to eat an apple.

He
She is going to eat an apple.
It

We
You are going to eat an apple.
They

I      am not going to eat an apple.
You aren't going to eating an apple.

He
She isn't going to eat an apple.
It

We
You aren't going to eat an apple.
They


Am I going to eat an apple?
Are you going to eat an apple?

    he
Is she going to eat an apple?
     it

       we
Are you going to eat an apple?
       they



 




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